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Saturday, July 25, 2020 | History

3 edition of Metaphor, meaning, and cognition found in the catalog.

Metaphor, meaning, and cognition

Ross, Don

Metaphor, meaning, and cognition

by Ross, Don

  • 366 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by P. Lang in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Metaphor.,
  • Resemblance (Philosophy),
  • Human information processing.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. [197]-206) and index.

    StatementDon Ross.
    SeriesAmerican university studies., v. 149
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsBD236 .R67 1993
    The Physical Object
    Paginationx, 210 p. ;
    Number of Pages210
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL1399292M
    ISBN 100820421510
    LC Control Number93006956

    Volume 1, No. 2, Art. 21 – June Metaphor Analysis in Psychology—Method, Theory, and Fields of Application. Karin S. Moser. Abstract: The analysis of metaphors is a classical research theme in linguistics, but has received very little attention in psychological research so or analysis—as conceptualized in cognitive linguistics—is proposed here as a qualitative method. Pursuing meaning in life confronts the individual with abstract ideas about the connections between experiences and identities over time (continuity), the ends that life serves (purpose), and its worth (value).Conceptual metaphor theory is helpful to explain the cognitive strategies people use to understand these by: 7.

      But without metaphor there would be no critical vocabulary and no way to relate disparate domains of experience. As Parker Wong suggests, wine will acquire depth of meaning when we learn to deploy conceptual frameworks that link aroma and flavor to other domains of experience. And metaphor, symbolic meaning, will be fundamental to that process. Like all decision making, foreign policy decision making (FPDM) requires transferring meaning from one representation to another. Since the end of the Cold War, students of FPDM have focused increasingly on historical analogies and, to a lesser extent, conceptual metaphors to Author: William Maurice Flanik.

    I published some of this work in my book The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination, and Reason () and later with Lakoff in Philosophy in the Flesh: The Embodied Mind and Its Challenge to Western Thought (). In this latter book, we surveyed empirical evidence for the body bases of meaning and concepts, and we began. Metaphor is a poetically or rhetorically ambitious use of words, a figurative as opposed to literal use. It has attracted more philosophical interest and provoked more philosophical controversy than any of the other traditionally recognized figures of speech.


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Metaphor, meaning, and cognition by Ross, Don Download PDF EPUB FB2

«Dr. Ross provides a new and powerful analysis of the nature of metaphor as a special conveyer of meaning and as a rich cognitive device. It will be found useful to philosophers of science, epistemologists ans philosophers of psychology and of by: Metaphor theory has shifted from asking whether metaphor is 'conceptual' or 'linguistic' to debating whether it is 'embodied' or 'discursive'.

Although recent work in the social and cognitive sciences has yielded clear opportunities to resolve that dispute, the divide between discourse- and cognition-oriented approaches has remained.5/5(1). The dynamic view of metaphor as a way to unify the field of metaphor studies is said to converge on findings and theoretical predictions found in cognition and discourse approaches (Gibbs, a).

Metaphor theory has shifted from asking whether metaphor is 'conceptual' meaning 'linguistic' to debating whether it is 'embodied' or 'discursive'. Although recent work in the social and cognitive Author: Beate Hampe. A metaphor is a figure of speech that, for rhetorical effect, directly refers to one thing by mentioning another.

It may provide (or obscure) clarity or identify hidden similarities between two ideas. Metaphors are often compared with other types of figurative language, such as antithesis, hyperbole, metonymy and simile. One of the most commonly cited examples of a metaphor in English.

Embodied cognition takes this idea and runs with it: The theory defines metaphor as the loose mapping of one conceptual field onto another and. In cognitive linguistics, conceptual metaphor, or cognitive metaphor, refers to the understanding of one idea, or conceptual domain, in terms of example Metaphor this is the understanding of quantity in terms of directionality (e.g.

"the price of peace is rising") or the understanding of time in terms of money (e.g."I spent time at work today"). A conceptual domain can be any mental. In my latest book, The Meaning of the Body: Aesthetics of Human Understanding (Chicago, ) I tried to delve even more deeply into aspects of embodied meaning and cognition that have traditionally been ignored or under-valued in mainstream philosophy.

I’m thinking here of qualities, feelings, emotions, and temporal processes. Metaphor, cognition and spiritual reality By HALSTEAD When I began teaching English Literature some thirty years ago, metaphor was viewed widely as a literary technique which was ornamental, which appealed to the reader’s imagination or emotions and which enriched poetic by: 4.

"Musical: Forces: Motion, Metaphor, and Meaning in Music will find a ready place in academic collections supporting study in advanced theory and musical cognition. It is well written, easy to understand, and full of good examples. The introduction by itself is a fine survey of the dialogue concerning musical : The identification of metaphor: Literal and conventional meaning ; Locating incongruity -- 3.

An interlude concerning context: A relational theory of meaning: On the very idea of metaphorical meaning ; A relational approach to meaning -- 4.

Interpreting metaphor: Metaphor as second-order meaning ; The metaphorical function -- 5. As a dead metaphor, 'body of an essay' literally means the main part of an essay, and no longer suggests anything new that might be suggested by an anatomical referent.

In that sense, 'body of an essay' is no longer a metaphor, but merely a literal statement of fact, or a 'dead metaphor.'" (Michael P.

Marks, The Prison as Metaphor. Peter Lang Author: Richard Nordquist. The conclusion of these various theories and developments is an understanding of the key role that metaphor plays in language and cognition.

This is summed up by Lakoff and Johnson as follows: “Metaphor is for most people a device of the poetic imagination and the rhetorical flourish–a matter of extraordinary rather than ordinary language.

In his article ‘What Metaphors Mean’, Donald Davidson argues that metaphorical sentences have no meaning at all (other than their literal sentence meaning). This chapter discusses metaphor and cognition, the analogy between metaphors and jokes, cognitive theories of metaphor, and the interaction theory of.

To unite the field, this book brings together leading metaphor researchers from a number of disciplines. It collects major arguments and presents a wide variety of empirical evidence, placing special emphasis on the embodiment and socio-cultural embeddedness of cognition, as well as the multi-modal and social-interactive nature of : Beate Hampe.

Abstract. Over the past half century metaphor has moved from being a peripheral topic in the philosophy of art to the status of a major philosophical, linguistic, psychological, and scientific issue in the theory of by:   The now-classic Metaphors We Live By changed our understanding of metaphor and its role in language and the mind.

Metaphor, the authors explain, is a fundamental mechanism of mind, one that allows us to use what we know about our physical and social experience to provide understanding of countless other subjects/5(16). Poetry and the scope of metaphor: toward a cognitive theory of literature.

In A. Barcelona (Ed.), Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads: A cognitive perspective (pp. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

Metaphor scholars used to debate over the “conceptual” or “linguistic” nature of metaphor. More recently, they have been considering whether metaphor is “embodied” or “discursive.” Despite the shift in focus implied by this terminological change, the divide between communication-oriented and cognition-oriented approaches to.

Your Brain on Metaphors. The New Science of How the Mind Makes Meaning. Lakoff is now working on a book on the neural theory of metaphor. If Author: Michael Chorost.Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for American University Studies: Metaphor, Meaning, and Cognition Vol.

by Don Ross (, Hardcover) at the best online prices at eBay! Free shipping for many products!The term metaphor can be traced to the Greek word metaphora, which is derived from meta (meaning “over”) and pherein (meaning “to carry”).

As I. A. Richards (13) explains, a metaphor is a comparison between two seemingly dissimilar concepts that involves the “carrying over of a word from its normal use to a new use” (p.

).Cited by: 8.